Periodontics involves the treatment of gum tissue and bone that support the teeth. Treatment includes deep gum cleanings several times a year, and scaling and root planing (deep cleaning) in some individuals.
Periodontal disease is very common and can range from simple inflammation of the gums to serious disease that could spread to other parts of the body. In the worst cases of periodontitis, tooth loss can occur.
Gum disease is caused by bacteria, mucus and other particles that get into the mouth, teeth and gums and are not removed properly. Brushing and flossing correctly and frequently helps get rid of these bacteria to prevent It from growing in the mouth and causing further problems to oral health.
The longer you let plaque and tartar sit on your teeth and gums, the more dangerous they become. Bacteria can cause inflammation of the gums causing them to bleed easily and be red and swollen. At this stage, gingivitis can become present. Gingivitis can usually be reversed with disciplined brushing, flossing and oral care.
If gingivitis is not treated, this is when periodontitis sets in. periodontitis directly means “inflammation around the tooth.” Gums will pull away from the teeth, forming pockets and spaces that can become infected with bacteria that gets in them. If not treated, bones, gums and tissue that support the teeth can become destroyed, eventually resulting in the teeth becoming loose and possibly having to be removed.
Risk factors for periodontitis include:
- Hormonal changes in girls/women
- Other illness